Catholic Church School Pupils Could Still Be at Risk of Abuse, Inquiry Told
November 27, 2017
Children at Roman Catholic church schools could still be "at risk" of sexual abuse despite years of efforts to root out predators, an inquiry has heard.
The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (IICSA) is examining the prevalence of paedophilia in the English Benedictine Congregation and failures in protecting young people.
This will focus on offenders that targeted children at two Roman Catholic schools, Ampleforth in North Yorkshire and Downside in Somerset, over the course of many decades.
But although numerous inquiries have exposed the problem of child abuse within church institutions and a string of offenders convicted, lingering safety concerns could remain, it was heard.
Counsel to the inquiry Riel Karmy-Jones told a hearing at IICSA's headquarters in south London: "It may be that during the course of evidence and the submissions to come (that) there is some acceptance of failings, but reliance will be placed on changes that have been made over the years.
"But, as you will hear, concerns remain and you are likely to hear evidence that suggests safeguarding problems are still ongoing, in some instances, and with the inevitable result that children may remain at risk."
The Roman Catholic Church is one of 13 arms of public life being scrutinised for child safety failings by IICSA.
Turning a blind eye to paedophilia should be made a criminal offence so Church institutions are discouraged from hushing up scandals, a victims' lawyer said.
Richard Scorer, who represents 27 core participants to the inquiry, said some Catholic Church schools concealed offending out of concerns for their reputation.
Many rely on private school fees to survive and cannot risk exposing misconduct, turning schools into "honeypots where multiple offenders operate", he said.
"The reputational pressures, the cultural and theological factors which led to abuse being covered up in Catholic institutions have not gone away," he told the hearing.
"They remain as powerful as ever."
Such episodes have happened "over and over again with the Catholic Church" as those who assist in the cover-up face no consequences, he said.
This leaves whistleblowers with "no real lever" to enforce complaints, the inquiry was told.
Addressing the inquiry chairwoman, Alexis Jay, Mr Scorer continued: "Madam, because we have no mandatory reporting law, that temptation to cover up, in our view, remains undiminished today.
"The Catholic Church and the institutions you hear from in these hearings will tell you that things are different now.
"But the question you have to ask is this: when all the fuss from this inquiry has died down, can we really rely on these institutions voluntarily to ensure that they never slip back into old habits, even though the old temptations exist today as they surely did before?"
In her opening statement, Ms Karmy-Jones outlined many instances where church officials chose to keep abuse quiet.
A "wide spectrum of behaviour", ranging from rape to voyeuristic beatings, was inflicted on school pupils over many years, she said.
Reasons for cover-ups included families being pressured not to report assaults, offenders getting shifted to different establishments but not punished and complaints simply being ignored, she added.
Predators in the two schools who were convicted include David Lowe, who taught at Ampleforth and was jailed for 10 years in 2015 for 15 indecent assaults on boys aged under 14.
His offences, which were also committed at Westminster Cathedral School, traced back to the 1980s.
The IICSA will hold three weeks of evidence hearings examining the culture of offending which was allowed to flourish at the two institutions.
Ampleforth was blighted by "failings and omissions, a lack of transparency, misguided loyalty and misjudgments that led in themselves to failings", the hearing was told.
Matthias Kelly, representing Ampleforth, said in his opening statement: "I would like to begin by offering a sincere and heartfelt apology to anyone who has suffered abuse whilst in our care.
"All students, past and present and future, are entitled to expect that they will be safe and cared for by us - I am deeply sorry that this was not always the case.
"We wish to apologise for the hurt, injury, distress and damage done to those who were abused as a result of our failings.
"We will strive with every fibre of our beings to alleviate the damage done and to ensure that we do everything we can to ensure there is no repetition."
Kate Gallafen, appearing on behalf of the English Benedictine Congregation and Downside school, expressed the remorse of both institutions.
She said a review and audit of safeguarding procedures had been commissioned at Downside, which will be carried out by the Social Care Institute for Excellence.