Wyoming Reopens Dormant Clergy Sex Abuse Case
By Tennessee Watson
National Public Radio
September 27, 2018
Following the release of the Pennsylvania Grand Jury report detailing decades of sexual abuse by clergy, there has been a nationwide call for action and accountability. But in many states prosecutors have run out of time to press charges.
There are just a handful of states with no statutes of limitations for child sexual abuse crimes. One of them is Wyoming, and that's given the Diocese of Cheyenne and the police there a chance to reopen an old case.
Back in 2002, a victim called the Cheyenne Police Department to report that a former bishop, Joseph Hart, had sexually abused him in the late 1970s. Hart had served as Bishop of Cheyenne from 1978 to 2001. But the victim was reluctant to do a full interview with police. After a three month investigation, the district attorney cleared Hart, saying there was no evidence.
Steven Biegler, the current Bishop of Cheyenne, says for too long those in power have controlled the conversation. When he became bishop in Wyoming a little over a year ago, he immediately launched an investigation into the unresolved allegations against retired bishop Hart.
"There was no resolution of guilt or innocence and so we felt that clarity needed to be found," said Biegler.
That investigation led to new evidence and Biegler pushed for police to reopen the case. He says his faith guides his actions.
"The church has a mission to protect and to heal the least."
That approach has met resistance from those who see Hart as a beloved figure. The 87 year old served as Bishop of Cheyenne for over 20 years and still lives in town. Hart's lawyer declined to comment for this story, and he advised his client to do the same.
Earlier allegations against Hart
Yet Wyoming isn't the only place Hart has faced allegations.
The Kansas City-St. Joseph Diocese in Missouri has already paid out settlements to victims who say Hart abused them when he was a priest there. But he's never been criminally convicted. Biegler says a previous Cheyenne bishop even tried to get the Vatican to take action against Hart.
"He actually wrote to Rome in 2010," Biegler says. "And asked them to open an investigation."
But that investigation seemed to trail off, Biegler says, when the Vatican learned that law enforcement in Wyoming had closed the case. For years the church and the criminal justice system seemed to be waiting for the other to make the first move. That is, until recently.
"Times have certainly changed. We're in a different era," says Kevin Malatesta with the Cheyenne Police Department. The case was reopened in July, and Malatesta says police are better trained to investigate adult disclosure of child sexual abuse than they were back in 2002.
"The police department certainly is listening. It appears the church here is listening as well," says Malatesta. Police says several additional reports have also come in over the course of the investigation, which is still ongoing.
"If anybody was a victim of these crimes, and either reported it and it wasn't taken seriously, or felt it wasn't taken seriously, felt it wasn't investigated . . . we want to know about it," he says.
Few states without statutes of limitations
Wyoming is one of seven states without statutes of limitations for felony and misdemeanor child sexual abuse crimes. The others are Illinois, Alabama, Delaware, West Virginia, South Carolina and Colorado. But Jeremiah Sandburg, the District Attorney for Cheyenne says even in states without time limits for prosecution, older victims still face cultural barriers to reporting and being believed.
"If it's a homicide case that went cold on us and it's now 20 or 30 years later the public doesn't seem to have any problem with us going after the murderers and saying 'now we have the evidence to get you,'" says Sandburg.
Sexual abuse cases, on the other hand, he says, are met with skepticism.
"In my mind I don't understand the difference. The difference is in one, the victim can't talk because they're dead and in the other they finally can."
For victims thinking about speaking out, current Cheyenne Bishop Steven Biegler recognizes that criminal prosecutions are a sign their voices are being heard.
"So it's a greater good that we are doing. Not just for the particular case at hand but to speak into the culture regarding this situation," says Biegler.
The current bishop wants those in positions of power to use their authority to protect and defend the most vulnerable.