Delegation to El Salvador
By Nancy Caccamo
San Francisco de Asis Blog
February 2, 2010
San Francisco de Asis: 30th Anniversary of Passionists
San Francisco de Asis: 30th Anniversary of Passionists
Nancy Caccamo and Kathy Woods were part of a delegation led by
Father Jerry Waris to El Salvador January 12 -19, 2010.
|Meeting with Vice-President of El
Salvador: Father Jerry Waris, Nancy Caccamo, Kathy Woods, CIS
[Rev. Shawn Ratigan in back row, right]
Nancy reports: A delegation representing three parishes traveled
to El Salvador: St. Patrick’s: Fr. Shawn Ratigan (new pastor),
Fr. Jerry Waris (former pastor, now retired); Our Lady of the Presentation:
(Business Manager), Rex’s adult children, Ashley Salisbury
& DannyScott; St. Peter’s: Kathy Woods and Nancy Caccamo.
We spent several days in the countryside as we visited Estanzuelas
(St.Patrick’s) and San Rafael Cedros (Presentation), visited
San Francisco de Asís and attended the 30th anniversary celebration
of the Passionist
priests and met with the Vice-President in his role as Minister
of Education. I have attached somw notes that I gathered from several
There are several websites that have information about the current
situation in El Salvador. If you don’t already read them,
you may want to take a look at the following. They all provide good
Myfavorite is Tim’s Blog.http://luterano.blogspot.com/ http://thesharefoundation.blogspot.com/
http://www.cis-elsalvador.org/ (You can access their newslettersfrom
Notes from January 12 – January 19 Delegation to El Salvador
Sources: Leslie Schuld, Director of CIS
The Legislative Assembly is configured differently now. In December,
the Arena party split. Twelve deputies were expelled from the party
and some are now voting in alliance with the FMLN. There is a 13%
sales tax across the board, no property tax and little income tax.
However, because of the new government, reforms now have a chance.
Tuition in the public schools has been eliminated. The government
will now provide each child with one pair of shoes, uniforms and
some school supplies. The National University is still within reach
of the poor because there is a sliding scale for tuition.
There is much hope at the present time, but there are obstacles.
The policies in the last 20 years such as privatization of utilities
caused the costs of basic services to rise. Because of CAFTA, it
is cheaper to buy beans/rice from the US. Local farmers have no
Exploitation of natural resources:
There is a movement to privatize water.
The former president signed a contract with Pacific Rim to mine
gold in poor areas—Cabañas and Chalatenango. In order
to mine gold, cyanide is put into the water. Only 1%-2% of the profit
would go to the community and the company would leave after 5 years.
The current government has said “NO” to mining and Pacific
Rim is suing. Three environmentalists in the countryside have been
assassinated. This is a big issue that continues.
The current Archbishop of San Salvador, José Luis Escobar
Alas, has come out against the mining. However, he has supported
the construction of a dam that will cause environmental problems,
so he is not consistent in his positions about decisions affecting
the poor. A new dam is projected for Chapparal Sulaman, called the
Chapparal Hydroelectric Project, over the Torola River in San Miguel.
We were told that the government would probably sell electricity
from this hydroelectric plant to foreign countries. Electricity
is currently being sold to Honduras from a dam in Usulatan. A dam
had been proposed in Chalatenango that was stopped because people
had protested against it. The results of the new dam will be damage
to the environment, the poor will be tossed off their land and they
will not be justly compensated.
The impunity of organized crime hasn’t changed since the
war. Gangs are recruited by organized crime for drugs and extortion,
which is aimed at the poor. The targets of extortion are buses,
small stores and the poor who are receiving remittances. Gang members
move into a neighborhood and find out which families have members
who emigrated and they target them. The most emigration to the US
has been from the Eastern part of El Salvador, i.e., San Miguel.
A new police investigator has been naming some higher-ups and this
is causing problems. The poor don’t trust the police and won’t
go to the police stations to report the extortion. It is a very
complicated problem—bigger than even the economic situation.
People still have hope, but it is a challenging time.
Activity from the Death Squads has increased and they are targeting
leaders under the new government. Deaths from violence have increased
from 7-8 per day to 16 per day since Funes has become President.
However, this could also be attributed to the fact that the new
government is not hiding the reality now and Funes has said that
he will accurately report what is happening. Funes has 80% support
of the people and the press is favorable of him.
Two months ago, the Legislative Assembly approved putting military
on the streets. The Peace Accords had prohibited them, however,
the military was approved because of the crime/gangs. People are
happy that the military are back because they feel safer.
Meeting with Vice-President of El Salvador: Father Jerry Waris,
Nancy Caccamo, Kathy Woods, CIS
Delegation meeting with Salvador Sanchez Cerén, Vice President
of El Salvador and Minister of Education
January 18, 2010
Vice President Cerén began the meeting by telling us that
the current situation in El Salvador is dependent on the previous
government and that the future must build on this. People want an
immediate response. However, this is a new movement in history and
the government will have to motivate the people. The people participated
in changing the military dictatorship. Health care, education, housing
and social programs are the most important goals of this government.
Statistics on school attendance:
Preschool (4 through 6 years): 50% - 51% of eligible children enrolled.
1st grade – 9th grade: 98% of eligible children enrolled
High School (10th, 11th, & 12th grades): 45% of the 1,300,000
students continue in high school.
University: 24% of high school graduates continue in university.
(Wilber Solano told us that there is no compulsory education in
El Salvador. Many children sell goods in the markets and the streets.)
A high number of students repeat grades. 10% of all students have
to repeat a grade. 14% to 15% leave before finishing. 7% don’t
finish at all.
The Vice President discussed the following programs that are being
implemented in order to provide education for the majority of students
and to improve the quality of their education.
“Let’s Go to School”. This is a five-year plan
to institute radical change in schools. Targeted goals are community
integration, permanent training for teachers, participation of students
in creating their own knowledge and not just receiving knowledge,
family integration and involvement in the process of their children’s
education and involvement of teachers in the community.
Teachers will be trained in modern methodology and pedagogy. There
are 56,000 public school teachers and the hope is for them to be
updated in teaching methods.
Initial education will begin at birth and continue through 6 years.
Inclusive education will be implemented. Children who have different
needs will be able to participate with typical peers and children
with special needs will have access to regular education.
In the area of literacy, 17% of the population is illiterate.
A total of 600,000 people cannot read or write. There is also the
problem of those who have learned to read and write but then have
dropped out of school. The goal is not just to teach literacy but
also to have students continue to receive a full education.
“Educate Me”. This program is directed toward youth
who leave school. It incorporates a flexible model of studying at
night or the weekend and technical education so that youth can be
prepared to go on to either a technical job or the university.
“Mega Tech”. This program integrates the areas of
science, creativity and strengthening values and identity. It begins
“Closing the Gap”. A pilot program in five rural schools
has been initiated to utilize technology in learning. Students included
in this program attend preschool through 9th grade. Laptop computers
have been given to the teachers and they have received training.
In February, each student will receive a computer and will be able
to take it home.
The Vice President feels that a number of the new programs are
visionary. In order to fund the programs, they are beginning with
small pilot projects and involving communities, NGOs and private
parties. It is difficult for the government to totally fund all
of the projects and it needs allies. In the next five years, the
government must put more money into the education budget. Currently,
18% - 20% of the national budget and 2.8% of the GNP is allocated
for education. The goal by 2015 is for 6% of the GNO to be invested
One of the problems in the country is employment. 70,000 people
lost their jobs during the past year. The programs that are proposed
will generate jobs, such as making the uniforms that will be provided
for all students by the government. Construction of new homes will
also provided employment. Technical education should be increased
so that students can get jobs right away. There is no program that
links education to employment. They plan to work with the Ministry
of Economics in order to train students in developing the necessary
skills for applications, interviews, etc.
First Scholarship Student to graduate from college
Delegation meeting with Scholarship Committee and Students
San Rafael Cedros
January 15, 2010
Iris is the head of the program in San Rafael Cedros and in charge
of the Scholarship Committee. The group formed for leadership formation,
to find office space for the program and help the students stay
in school. There are nine members of the committee and they are
in charge of the finances. The committee would like to restructure
at the current time because the women have been members for several
The committee holds two meetings each month with the students.
At one meeting, the students receive their scholarship money. At
the other meeting, they reflect on themes for leadership development
such as youth violence, economics, media, human rights, gender equality,
HIV-AIDS, family planning. The students are required to attend the
meetings. The proposed calendar of workshops for 2010 include the
following themes: World Day of the Environment (June 5), government,
sexual and reproductive health, drawing, history of towns in San
Rafael Cedros, new government, new social programs, democracy and
its implementation, global warming.
The committee maintains a registry of students, contracts with
the students and their parents and the names of the sponsors from
Presentation. The students are required to give the committee a
copy of their grades.
The program began in 2007 with 15 students.
2008: 24 students
2009: 31 students (27-high school, 4-university)
13 students graduated, 4 are leaving program, 9 going to university
2010: 16 high school, 12 university (I know—the numbers don’t
Their biggest achievement is the 9 students going on to the university.
High school: Scholarship of $25/month
University: Scholarship of $87.50/month
The National University has a sliding scale for tuition. SRC has
made a commitment to send their high school students on to university
after they graduate.
1. Committee asks the community councils for recommendations. There
are also personal requests to the committee.
Scarce economic resources
Participation in community life
Attitudes of solidarity
Prioritization—single mother, large family size
Maintain good grades
Students must teach workshops in the community
Participation in group meetings
4. One scholarship per family