|Letter of His Holiness John
to the Bishops of the United States of America
By Pope John Paul II
June 11, 1993
Venerable and Dear Brother Bishops of the United States.
"Woe to the world because of scandals!" (Mt. 18:7).
During these last months I have become aware of how much you, the
Pastors of the Church in the United States, together with all the
faithful, are suffering because of certain cases of scandal given
by members of the clergy. During the ad Limina visits many
times the conversation has turned to this problem of how the sins
of clerics have shocked the moral sensibilities of many and become
an occasion of sin for others. The Gospel word "woe" has
a special meaning, especially when Christ applies it to cases of
scandal, and first of all to the scandal "of the little
ones" (Cf. ibid. 18:6). How severe are Christ’s
words when he speaks of such scandal, how great must be that evil
if "for him who gives scandal it would be better to have a
great millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths
of the sea" (cf. ibid.).
The vast majority of Bishops and priests are devoted followers
of Christ, ardent workers in his vineyard, and men who are deeply
sensitive to the needs of their brothers and sisters. That is why
I am deeply pained, like you, when it seems that the words of Christ
can be applied to some ministers of the altar. Since Christ calls
them his "friends" (Jn. 15:15), their sin – the
sin of giving scandal to the innocent – must pain his heart
indeed. Therefore, I fully share your sorrow and your concern, especially
your concern for the victims so seriously hurt by these misdeeds.
Every sinner who follows the way of repentance, conversion and
pardon can call on the mercy of God, and you in particular must
encourage and assist those who stray to be reconciled and find peace
of conscience. There is also the question of the human means
for responding to this evil. The canonical penalties which
are provided for certain offenses and which give a social expression
of disapproval for the evil are fully justified. These help to maintain
a clear distinction between good and evil, and contribute to moral
behavior as well as to creating a proper awareness of the gravity
of the evil involved. As you are aware, a joint Committee of experts
from the Holy See and the Bishops’ Conference has just been
established to study how the universal canonical norms can best
be applied to the particular situation of the United States.
I would also draw your attention to another aspect of the whole
question. While acknowledging the right to due freedom of information,
one cannot acquiesce in treating moral evil as an occasion for
sensationalism. Public opinion often feeds on sensationalism
and the mass media play a particular role therein. In fact, the
search for sensationalism leads to the loss of something which is
essential to the morality of society. Harm is done to the fundamental
right of individuals not to be easily exposed to the ridicule of
public opinion; even more, a distorted image of human life is created.
Moreover, by making a moral offense the object of sensationalism,
without reference to the dignity of human conscience, one acts in
a direction which is in fact opposed to the pursuit of the moral
good. There is already sufficient proof that the prevalence of violence
and impropriety in the mass media has become a source of scandal.
Evil can indeed be sensational, but the sensationalism
surrounding it is always dangerous for morality.
Therefore, the words of Christ about scandal apply also to all
those persons and institutions, often anonymous, that through sensationalism
in various ways open the door to evil in the conscience and behavior
of vast sectors of society, especially among the young who are particularly
vulnerable. "Woe to the world because of scandals!". Woe
to societies where scandal becomes an everyday event.
So then, Venerable Brothers, you are faced with two levels of serious
responsibility: in relation to the clerics through whom scandal
comes and their innocent victims, but also in relation to the whole
of society systematically threatened by scandal and responsible
for it. A great effort is needed to halt the trivializing of the
great things of God and man.
I ask you to reflect together with the priests, who are your co–workers,
and with the laity, and to respond with all the means at your disposal.
Among these means, the first and most important is prayer:
ardent, humble, confident prayer. This whole sad question must be
placed in a context which is not exclusively human; it must be freed
from being considered commonplace. Prayer makes us aware that everything
– even evil – finds its principal and definitive reference
point in God. In him every sinner can be raised up again. In
this way sin will not become an unfortunate cause of sensationalism,
but rather the occasion for an interior call, as Christ has said:
"Repent" (Mt. 4:17). "The Lord is near" (Phil.
Yes, dear Brothers, America needs much prayer – lest
it lose its soul. We are one in this prayer, remembering the
words of the Redeemer: "Watch and pray, that you may not enter
into temptation" (Mk. 14:38). Christ the Good Shepherd calls
us to this attitude when he says, "Take courage, I have overcome
the world" (Jn. 16:33). United with you in the firm trust that
our Savior is ever faithful in caring for his People and that he
will not fail to give you the strength to fulfill your pastoral
ministry, I commend the clergy, Religious and lay faithful of your
Dioceses to the loving intercession of his Immaculate Mother Mary.
With fraternal affection in Christ Jesus, I impart my Apostolic
From the Vatican, June 11, 1993.
IOANNES PAULUS PP. II